Rev. Dr. Anne C. Brower'64: From White Coat to Cassock, an M.D. of the Cloth

Rev. Dr. Anne C. Brower'64
Rev. Dr. Anne C. Brower'64
WE COMMONLY ASSOCIATE THE COMBINED TITLE OF REVEREND Doctor with a man of the cloth who dispenses wisdom from a pulpit and whose doctoring skills are restricted to spiritual distress. But who ever heard in this day and age of a man or woman who combines a spiritual acuity with a profound knowledge of the human organism and what ails it and whose capacity for healing extends from the pulpit to the hospital bed, from fractured femurs to stressed-out souls?
Meet the Rev. Dr. Anne C. Brower, M.D.
An acclaimed authority on bone radiology, highly respected clinical educator, practitioner, and consultant to, among others, U.S. presidents from Richard Nixon to the elder George Bush, she is also an ordained Episcopalian priest who firmly believes that physical and spiritual healing are inseparable and need to be addressed in tandem. As a spiritually astute M.D. (P&S Class of 1964), she has also of late been making waves in academic medical circles by calling for the introduction of spirituality as an essential component of the medical school curriculum.

Of Science and the Spirit
This profile is based on an interview conducted in November 2004 at her home in Norfolk, Va. Having recently undergone a cataract operation and contending with a bad bout of shingles, the Rev. Dr. Brower excused her wobbly gait. But there was nothing wobbly about her voice, whose crystal clarity is combined with a deep mellifluous timbre that could fill a concert hall or a cathedral.
It's her voice that first won her recognition as a child growing up in Westfield, N.J. She liked to sing and from an early age was an active member of her school choirs. "It was probably the only talent I had that the rest of my family didn't share," she says. "That's probably where my spirituality first began."
In high school and later, as an undergraduate at Smith College, she sang in many choirs. "I even traveled abroad with a group and sang at all the wonderful cathedrals of Europe."
At college, a scientific bent ran parallel to her passion for music. "I loved all the sciences I studied equally well — zoology, biochemistry, and chemistry — and did well in them all. I didn't want to teach, so music was out as a profession. And when my adviser asked me, 'Well, what are you going to do with yourself when you grow up?' I said I didn't have the foggiest idea." And when the adviser suggested medical school as a compelling option, her advisee conceded: "Well, that sounds like a good way to delay life!"
The academic challenge of her first year at P&S was compounded by a serious case of mononucleosis complicated by hepatitis that sent her to the hospital and almost brought her medical studies to an end. "I was ready to quit, but my father asked me to finish the first year. Well, by the end of the first year, I had fallen in love with my former husband, a classmate, and so I stuck it out."

Reading Bones
Initially drawn to orthopedics, she was given to understand that "women just didn't do that." So she turned to internal medicine. Unhampered by gender prejudice, her husband at the time, James E. Culver'65, went on to become an orthopedist. As a member of the armed services, he was stationed on various bases around the country, and she pursued a general medical practice wherever they went. Dr. Brower later took a fellowship in hematology at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville before shifting to diagnostic radiology, in which she completed a residency at the University of Virginia.
On the first day of her residency, at the urging of her department chair, she teamed up with her husband who was preparing for surgery to remove a child's leg for an osteosarcoma of the femur. There was a normal variation on the X-ray of the tibia below. They wanted to determine what caused the appearance of the normal variation in the tibia. "That resulted in my first research paper, which I presented at the Virginia Radiological Society meeting. I was hooked into bone and radiology from then on."
Her reputation for diagnostic acuity from the radiograph grew. From Charlottesville, she moved to the University of Kansas Medical Center, where she was named assistant professor of radiology. She later moved back to Virginia and was promoted to associate professor at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond. Two years later, she joined the faculty of the Department of Radiology/Nuclear Medicine at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Md., where in 1981 she was promoted to full professor. It was at USUHS, where she happily spent the next decade, that her academic career took off.
On the clinical front, Dr. Brower relished the wide variety of cases she saw at institutions in the greater D.C. area, including Bethesda Naval Hospital, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington Hospital Center, and the NIH. Widely known for her ability to accurately diagnose arthritis, bone tumors, and other bone and joint diseases from the radiograph, she was called in on various occasions to consult on the care of U.S. presidents. She most fondly recalls her contact with the late Ronald Reagan ("a man of great warmth") and the elder President George Bush ("a consummate gentleman").
Her most significant contribution to the medical literature involved research relating to the neuropathic joint. Though it was previously believed that the joint malfunctioned because of un-sensed trauma, Dr. Brower proved that it was a change in the sympathetic nervous system that affected the blood flow and caused bone loss and, eventually, collapse of the joint.
Entranced with the beauty of bone tissue, in which she still sees "a microcosm of the entire human organism," she developed an almost uncanny ability to determine from the film the benign or malignant nature of tumors no one else could figure out. Yet it was precisely in her ability to read tangible bone structure and in her appreciation of the unique bone structure of each individual that she began to sense an intangible dimension that transcended science strictly speaking. "I can look at a film and I can sense, even though I can't prove it, that something is wrong, and sometimes it frightens me. I can look at the chest film, for instance, and say, 'This person has pneumonia' and the resident will say, 'Prove it to me,' and I will say, 'I can't prove it but I know it.' And we'll bring the patient back in a week and he has pneumonia."
In 1993 she was named chair of the Department of Radiology at Eastern Virginia Medical School in Norfolk, bridging a longstanding gender divide as the first woman to attain that title in the United States. "A nice way," as she puts it, "to end off a medical career."
In 1997, the American Association of Women Radiologists honored her with the association's Marie Curie Award, given to the country's leading woman radiologist of the year.
But Dr. Brower was soon to take a career turn from the concrete reality of musculoskeletal radiology to a more ethereal realm.

Fractured Bones, Fractured Lives, Fractured Spirits
"Take a simple thing like a lower leg bone fracture," she says. "All you want to do is heal the fracture, but there are a lot of other things going on around you that you've got to take care of, too. Now you're in a long leg cast and, if you live with someone, that person has to take care of you. You've disrupted a relationship and both of you are angry. But just as the bone clasts have to chew away the garbage and the blasts have to come in and build up new bone, repair it and fix it, surround it and cocoon it till it's whole again, you've got to clean out the trash and repair that interpersonal relationship too, and it's the same with your relationship with God."
The death of her beloved father in 1984 set her into an emotional and spiritual tailspin that took her from a strictly secular and, ultimately, inadequate experience of psychoanalysis to what she calls "the healing of the whole person" through pastoral counseling.
Her spiritual search led her to various thinkers, including Carolyn Myss, adept at teaching and understanding energies in an Eastern tradition, and Deepak Chopra, a physician who teaches Eastern medicine, and finally to Larry Dossey, an M.D. who teaches the efficacy of prayer in healing. But intrigued as she was by their messages, she kept saying to herself: "I can't do what they do. I've got to take a different track." Then someone suggested: "Well, why don't you become a priest?"
In 1998, at age 62 and after 37 years as a practicing physician, she entered the Episcopalian seminary in Alexandria, Va. In September 2001, she was ordained as an Episcopalian priest.
After heading congregational care and pastoral care at three churches, she now serves as a chaplain at Washington National Cathedral. She established a Pastoral Care, Counseling and Education Center at St. Columba's Church in Washington, D.C. Some aspects of that center continue. She also co-directs the Center for Psychotherapy and Healing in Norfolk and serves as interim associate rector at St. Paul's Church in Norfolk, Va., focusing on pastoral care.

Caring for the Creative Soul
While embracing a role in organized religion, her sense of spirituality extends well beyond any set of dogma. "Take Itzhak Perlman. He has the fingers to play the violin, which is the body. He has the mind to memorize the music he plays. But it's his spirit that makes that music as marvelous as it is. It's the creative part of us that co-creates with God."
Her concept of spiritual healing encompasses prayer, meditation, music, dance, and even gardening — "all the things that bring out the creative soul in you that put you in closer touch with your own creator."
Science and spirituality are perfectly compatible in her view. She rejects the fundamentalist teachings of any faith that advocates a "fear of change, fear of growth, fear of exploration. ... Yes, there is a cultural war going on in America today," she argues, "but it's between the fundamentalists and other faithful people. There are a whole bunch of us out there who have tremendous faith and belief who are also using our brains."
But just as she is critical of fundamentalist religious thinkers, she is no less critical of any notion of medicine that denies the spiritual dimension.

Putting Spirituality Back into the Medical School Curriculum
Rev. Dr. Anne C. Brower'64
Rev. Dr. Anne C. Brower'64
While the pressure of her studies for the priesthood compelled her to step down from her position as chairwoman of the Department of Radiology at Eastern Virginia Medical School, the Rev. Dr. Brower has maintained a firm foothold in academic medicine.
At George Washington Medical School in Washington, D.C., where she is a member of the faculty in the Department of Psychiatry, she teaches medical students about the importance of a compassionate medical history and how to take a spiritual history. An advocate for the introduction of spirituality in the medical school curriculum, she believes in the necessity of spiritual history-taking.
"Ninety-five percent of the population would like doctors to know what they think or believe. It's the way they cope with their illness or their difficulties or their brokenness, whatever their faith or belief system. If the doctor doesn't know anything about it, he or she is not going to help them get better."
A sensitivity and receptivity to the spiritual needs of patients, she maintains, is particularly important in the care of people facing terminal illness. Reflecting back on her own medical training, she perceives an inability on the part of the medical faculty and practitioners, then as now, to face mortality. "Death has always been looked at as a failure on the doctor's part for not keeping the patient alive. Nobody ever taught us to be there, to sit with the dying and hold them.
"Medical students," she insists, "start out very altruistic in their first year, but by their fourth year they've been hammered into something different."
She cited the case of a medical student who, at a patient's request, held the patient's hand on the way to surgery and was later criticized by an irate resident: "What the hell are you doing? Hand-holding isn't your job."
Little by little, Rev. Dr. Brower believes, academic medicine is heeding the critique and becoming receptive to the spiritual side of healing and care. Pain clinics and the hospice movement helped lead the way. Harvard Medical School runs an annual conference on medicine and spirituality. And centers like the Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine at P&S host research in related topics. P&S alumnus K.J. Lee'65, a respected otolaryngologist, established a fellowship at Columbia to study the spiritual dimension of healing.
The author of one widely read textbook, "Arthritis in Black and White," and numerous peer-reviewed articles in bone radiology, Rev. Dr. Brower is developing a book now with a working title of "I Don't Wish To Die Yet," in which she recounts "incredible stories of people who are terminally ill and know they are terminally ill and yet live beyond their illness to do something at a higher level and a higher health. They don't get stuck in their disease."
The notion of a priest-healer is, of course, nothing new. Druids, shamans, and high priests of old were equally adept at medicinal herbology and the treatment of physical and spiritual malaise. The 12th century sagephysician Maimonides reflected on and treated the maladies of body and soul. "Let it [my mind] not fail to see what is visible," he wrote in a prayer, "but do not permit it to arrogate to itself the power to see what cannot be seen. ..."
Of her work in bone radiology, Rev. Dr. Brower reflects: "Every time you find something —which is never new — you're rediscovering things all over again." In this she knows whereof she speaks. Some years ago she collaborated with archeologists at the Smithsonian Institution on the examination of 5,000-year-old bones from ancient Egypt and confirmed that they manifested the same arthritic patterns seen today.
In the words of the Scripture: "The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun."
"Bones never lie," observes Rev. Dr. Brower. Having embarked on a second parallel career at the pulpit at an age when others are tossing in the stethoscope, she remains equally committed to white coat and cassock, to the science of the visible and a profound reverence for that which the eye cannot see.

Profiles in Giving
Named Scholarship Fund Reflects a Lifelong Commitment to Education

Dudley Rochester'55
Dudley Rochester'55
DUDLEY ROCHESTER'55 HAD A PROFOUND REVELATION IN HIS second-year surgical pathology course at P&S. In response to a student's question regarding the source of inflammation of the appendix, the instructor, Virginia Kneeland Frantz'22, suggested an experiment for the class to find the answer to the question. "My goodness," he thought, "they don't know everything!" The realization that there were still "things left to discover" spurred Dr. Rochester on to a distinguished academic career and to conduct pioneering research on respiratory muscle physiology in respiratory failure.
Now more than 50 years later, Dr. Rochester wants to help others get the same chance he had to catch the fire of scientific inquiry and run with it. To that end, he and his wife, Lois, have established a named scholarship at P&S. They also have pledged a generous amount to the Class of 1955 Student Loan Fund.
Professor of medicine emeritus and former head of the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at the University of Virginia School of Medicine in Charlottesville, Dr. Rochester is best known for his original work on the causes of respiratory muscle weakness and its relation to shortness of breath and respiratory failure. He devised and perfected effective methods of measuring blood flow to, and oxygen consumption by, the diaphragm in the dog model, paving the way for a new field of inquiry. The author of many papers and book chapters, he was the recipient in 1996 of the American Thoracic Society Award for Scientific Accomplishment and in 1997 of the Douglas Southall Freeman Award of the American Lung Association of Virginia, of which he was a past president. Since his retirement in 1994, Dr. Rochester has become an outspoken advocate for clean air. He served a one-year term on the Virginia Conservation Network and currently sits on the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality State Advisory Board for Air Pollution.
Dr. Rochester trained on Columbia's First Medical Division at Bellevue and later taught at Harlem Hospital. At Columbia and its affiliated institutions he had occasion to work with such renowned physician-scientists as Robert Loeb, Renι Wegria, and Nobel laureates Dickinson Richards'23 and Andre Cournand.
"My career in academic medicine, with the teaching, research, and administrative facets, all stemmed from my P&S background," he says. The scholarship fund is his way of "giving back a little something of what I got. P&S helped me grow intellectually. It made me what I am today. I give because I love the place!"
Columbia University is something of a Rochester family tradition. A 1950 graduate of Columbia College, Dr. Rochester met his wife, Lois, a Barnard College 1949 graduate, on Morningside Heights and married her while at medical school. They have likewise extended their largesse to the college and to Barnard. Their younger daughter, Carolyn'83, followed in her father's path in pulmonary and critical care medicine.
Dr. Rochester's support of student financial aid reflects a philosophical attachment to education as a way of life. Discovery did not stop when he gave up his lab. The camera is his current experimental device of choice. He is a member of the Charlottesville Camera Club and has exhibited photographs. His advice for a successful retirement: "Always have a learning curve in front of you."


Rx for Travel
Charlottesville: In the Spirit of Jefferson

The Rotunda of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville
The Rotunda of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville
"IT MAY BE A UTOPIAN DREAM," THOMAS JEFFERSON WROTE OF his plan for a public institution of higher learning, "but being innocent, I thought I might indulge it until I go to the land of dreams." Having designed the layout, buildings, and grounds, conceived the curriculum, and recruited the scholars for five academic divisions, including a faculty of medicine — the 10th established in the United States — Jefferson surveyed the construction of the University of Virginia, "the hobby of my old age," from his study window at Monticello. A dynamic energy still joins Jefferson's famous hilltop home to his academic experiment in the valley and the city that sits in between.
It is perhaps a travesty to visit Charlottesville in the late fall when the flowers have long since withered in their beds and the trees are bereft of their finery, but the few surviving leaves bleed garnet red against the cobalt backdrop of the Blue Ridge Mountains and the kids are back to school, allowing for a more intimate communion.
While well worth a stroll, the restored historic district nestled around Court Square, evoking a prettified picture of a past cleansed of the blight of slavery, is largely interchangeable with other historic reconstitutions elsewhere in the country. But what sets Charlottesville apart from any place else are the house and school that Jefferson built.
Monticello is a short drive out of town on Highway VA20 South up a pretty winding mountain road aptly dubbed Thomas Jefferson Highway. The house itself and the grounds that surround it comprise a kind of self-portrait of the man who built it and lived there on and off for close to six decades. Neoclassical in design, the structure, like its builder, was the product of an eclectic amalgam of influences and original notions. His own remarkable innovations included ventilated storage areas and a revolving book-rest that allowed him to consider four open texts at a time. The house sits at the center of what was once a 5,000-acre plantation, including vineyards and gardens that doubled as ornamental landscape and botanical laboratory. Most moving of all is the succinct summation of a life he had inscribed on his tombstone in the family graveyard not far from the house: "Here was buried Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence, of the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom and Father of the University of Virginia."
Conceived as "an academic village," his prized brainchild, which he lived to see completed, included a central structure, the Rotunda, modeled on the Pantheon in Rome, multiple pavilions equipped with faculty accommodations and classrooms, and a quadrangle enclosed by two rows of student rooms fronted by covered colonnades, the whole modeled after the Place des Vosges in Paris. The restored original buildings and layout were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987.
Jefferson's thirst for learning was matched by a fondness for food and drink, including homemade wine and beer, though he also kept a generous cellar full of French imports. The wine produced today at the nearby Jefferson Vineyards is hardly up to snuff, but one notable Jeffersonian import to the American table, French fries, did catch on.
And though there is no known link between our third president and the curing of hams, the visitor dare not leave town without a restorative stop at Padow's Hams, at 2156 Barracks Road, for a succulent taste of Virginia's justifiably famous specialty. For more information, see


Alumni Association Activities

Alumni Council

Dr. Michael Shelanski
Dr. Michael Shelanski
The P&S student a capella singing group, "The Ultrasounds and Vocal Chords," kicked off the program at the Nov. 10, 2004, council dinner with two upbeat numbers. The lighthearted mood was followed by a moment of silence called by Alumni Association president Jay Lefkowitch'76 in observance of the death of Steven Z. Miller'84. Following dinner, guest speaker Michael Shelanski, M.D., the Francis Delafield Professor and Chairman of Pathology at P&S, delivered a talk titled "Updating Vesalius and Virchow for the 21st Century. Changes in Anatomy, Pathology and Cell Biology." Dr. Shelanski announced the merger of the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology with the Department of Pathology, noting that Dr. Michael Gershon, who had been chairman of anatomy for 30 years, would remain a senior figure in the new department. "The No. 1 thing in this merger," Dr. Shelanski emphasized, "is to keep teaching excellence. ... The formative experience of medical school for all of us was gross anatomy." Anatomy continues to be an essential part of the curriculum, but teachers of gross anatomy are hard to find. He has proposed the establishment of a new program to encourage Ph.D.s to join "a new cadre of anatomy teachers who also pursue research." In this endeavor, he hopes to recruit a number of surgeons. "We have all voted to dive into this new venture without a map," he said, adding that he hoped alumni will get involved in updating the teaching of anatomy at P&S for the 21st century.
In line with past tradition, Dean Gerald Fischbach delivered his annual prognosis for the health of the medical school at the "Dean's Council Dinner" in January.
Dean Gerald Fischbach
Dean Gerald Fischbach
Dean Fischbach took advantage of the occasion to announce the appointment of Dr. Riccardo Dalla-Favera as the new director of the Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center. He also reported on the recent appointment, following a lengthy search, of Dr. Jeffrey Lieberman as chairman of psychiatry — "the biggest psychiatry department in the country." Dr. Lieberman is also director of the New York State Psychiatric Institute located on the medical center campus.
While acknowledging financial strains on the medical center budget, Dean Fischbach called the medical school one of "the stars of the university in terms of contribution" and reported that "we are ahead of schedule in our capital campaign." Noting, however, the rapid growth of other topnotch medical schools around the country, he warned that "unless we can grow, we're not going to be in the top rank in the next five years." Citing the success of the Audubon Research Park across Broadway as a striking instance of the medical school's expansion, he said, in conclusion, "I feel an optimism in the midst of difficult days."

Surgeons Go Marching In

On Oct. 11, 2004, members of the John Jones Surgical Society and P&S alumni held a lively reunion reception at the Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons in New Orleans. The Wyndham Hotel at Canal Place, looking out over the Mississippi River, was the venue. Kenneth Forde'59 welcomed the guests on behalf of the Department of Surgery, the medical school, and the Alumni Association and made brief remarks about the state of current recruitments and appointment activities. Drs. Mark Hardy and Jean Emond also shared information and enthusiasm for current programs at P&S, including special efforts being made by the Department of Surgery to demonstrate excitement in the field of surgery for thirdand fourth-year students.

Minority Student-Alumni Dinner

This year's annual dinner for minority students and alumni, co-sponsored by the Alumni Association and the Black and Latin Student Organization, drew a record turnout to the Faculty Club on Nov. 12, 2004. Alumni Association president Jay Lefkowitch'76 officially welcomed all, turning the podium over to BALSO president Nadia Goodwin'07, who introduced Brenda Aiken'81, assistant clinical professor of medicine and chair of the Campaign for Diversity. Dr. Aiken reported on recent efforts that included a fundraising phonathon.
Carlos Jose Rodriguez'96
Carlos Jose Rodriguez'96
In his inspirational remarks, the evening's guest speaker, Carlos Jose Rodriguez'96, instructor in clinical medicine at P&S, reflected on the meandering path that took him from his native Dominican Republic to the tough streets of Washington Heights, where he grew up in the 1970s, to a medical career at P&S. "I had always wanted to be a doctor because I was born with a heart murmur. The doctors made me feel good and I dreamed of doing the same for others," he said. But the realization of that dream took blood, sweat, and tears. His studies were interspersed with gainful employment — three jobs at a time at one point — flipping hamburgers, selling records, and loading trucks. A biology professor at a community college he attended in Massachusetts recognized his talent, recommending a minority medical summer enrichment program at the University of Massachusetts medical school at Worcester. After four more years of undergraduate training at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and despite his academic counselor's advice not to bother applying to any Ivy League medical schools, Dr. Rodriguez felt strongly that "I saw myself at Columbia, I grew up in the neighborhood, and I felt ready to come back." After earning his M.D., he went on to pursue an internship, residency, and fellowship at Columbia. Now a member of the clinical faculty in medicine, he looks back with pride and forward with gusto to a career in academic medicine.
Lester W. Blair'74, chairman of the Committee on Minority Affairs, delivered the evening's closing remarks.

Class News

Class of 1939
ZACHARY B. FRIEDENBERG continues his practice in orthopedic surgery at the University of Pennsylvania, where he also teaches. His latest book, "A Hospital at War," was published by Texas A&M University Press. He is working on his next book, "A History of Surgery."

Class of 1944
The year 2004 was doubly eventful for GENE H. STOLLERMAN: First, the Infectious Disease Society of America gave him its Mentor Award in recognition of a lifetime of service as an infectious disease professional; the second was the establishment of an endowed chair in medicine, bearing his name, at the University of Tennessee.

Class of 1952
The Mississippi Academy of Family Physicians elected LEONARD H. BRANDON the state's Family Physician of the Year in 2004, the year that marked the 50th anniversary of Len's practicing in Mississippi. Len continues office and hospital practice on a part-time basis; his son, Steven, also a board-certified family physician, is his office partner. Len is a Fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians. ERNEST A. REINER is medical director of the Judeo-Christian Health Clinic located in Tampa, Fla. The clinic, which began in a Sunday school classroom in 1972, has become the largest and most comprehensive free medical facility in the Southeast.

Class of 1956
RAYMOND C. BARTLETT was honored by the American Society of Microbiology at its 2004 annual convention. The society recognized his contributions, summarized in Ray's 1974 book, "Medical Microbiology: Quality Cost and Clinical Relevance." After joining Hartford Hospital's pathology department 39 years ago, Ray soon concentrated on the field of microbiology almost exclusively. He conducted workshops all over the United States and abroad on quality control and cost-containment measures in clinical microbiology. Ray's greatgrandfather, Philo Clark, graduated from P&S in 1867; his grandfather, Raymond Clark, in 1895; a cousin, Raymond Bartlett, in the 1920s; an uncle, Robert Robinson, in 1938. Ray married a graduate of the Presbyterian Hospital School of Nursing the year of his graduation from P&S. They produced three children and eight grandchildren, none of them headed for P&S so far. A practicing psychotherapist and psychoanalyst, ROBERT L. TYSON supervises psychiatric residents and psychoanalytic candidates. He also writes, lectures, teaches, and travels. He is in his last year serving as global representative for North America in the International Psychoanalytic Association. He has decided that "it is too late to retire!"

Class of 1958
NORMAN TALAL, a rheumatologist, has developed an interest in neuroscience, particularly in the field of autism. He is doing research with a group of scientists at Mount Sinai Medical School in New York. Last Christmas he played Santa Claus for autistic children.

Class of 1961
In 2001, EDWARD T. BOWE retired from practice and teaching with the title of professor emeritus of clinical obstetrics and gynecology at P&S. He now keeps busy playing the oboe and its lower relative, the English horn, in New Jersey and Massachusetts, depending on the season.

Class of 1963
PHILIP REED LARSEN is chief of endocrinology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. He reports that he is involved mainly in administration but hopes to return to bench research in a year or two.

Class of 1965
Following a 15-year stint in the VA system, ANTHONY H. HORAN has returned to the private practice of urology in Evanston, Wyo. He named the practice Alpine Urology and invites any P&S alumni to stop in for a visit; he says summers are particularly great for golf, tennis, and fly-fishing. On a more professional level, Tony is working on a book, whose aim is to discourage the widespread practice of radical prostatectomy and radical radiation for prostatic cancer, drawing the parallel with the efforts of Hugh Auchincloss Jr.'42, who worked to discourage radical mastectomies. (Hugh was Tony's surgical preceptor in medical school.) Tony's great-grandfather, John Rogers'1891, worked on thyroid surgery. Tony's son, T. Bramwell, is a member of the P&S Class of 2008. [Bram's mother, MARTHA WELCH'71, is a psychiatrist and former president of the P&S Alumni Association.] ROBERT P. LISAK is in his 18th year as chairman of neurology at Wayne State University and neurologist-in-chief at the Detroit Medical Center.

Class of 1967
In 2004 RONALD A. ALLISON traveled to Chile, Argentina, and Brazil as the chorus doctor with the Yale Alumni Chorus.

Class of 1970
See page 48 for news of KAREN HEIN.

Class of 1972
Vice chairman of internal medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern, L. DAVID HILLIS has been named to the National Advisory Council of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. The council offers advice on research, training, and prioritizing projects. Dave's own research has been in the areas of ischemic, valvular, and congenital heart disease; he also has done studies on the effects of cocaine on the heart.

Class of 1974
FRANK ARLINGHAUS JR. is in the Naval Reserves as division surgeon to the largest ground combat division of the U.S. ArmedForces. In the first Gulf War he directed a team of reservists in the operations center of the Marine Corps in Washington, tracking all Marine war casualties.

Class of 1976
RONALD S. COHEN has moved to Packard Children's Hospital, part of Stanford University, as clinical professor of pediatrics in the neonatology division.

Class of 1980
ANNE E. ALLAN, a dermatologist, is working as a dermatopathologist in Cambridge, Mass. Anne and her psychiatrist husband SCOTT N. WILSON'81 have a teenage son and a toddler daughter.

Class of 1981
ROBERT M. GOLUB has been appointed senior editor of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Class of 1988
In 2003 CHARLES F. CAIN received an MBA from the New York University Stern School of Business. He is the medical director and director of anesthesia services at New York-Presbyterian Hospital's Allen Pavilion.

Class of 1989
LAURENCE HUANG is associate professor of medicine at the University of California at San Francisco. Larry and his wife, Susan, have three sons, all under age 10. Foot and Ankle International, the journal of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, has appointed BRIAN TOOLAN to be associate editor.

Class of 1991
SHARI HALL and family have relocated to the sunshine coast of Australia. Shari is working as a staff anesthesiologist at the Nambour General Hospital, a teaching hospital, while her husband, Peter Noyes, is re-establishing a plant nursery and starting a bed and breakfast. The family has two preschoolers, Cedar and Nicolette.

Class of 1996
JUNE K. WU did postgraduate surgical training and a research fellowship in the P&S surgery department. She had further training at Montefiore in plastic surgery and at Harvard in craniofacial and vascular anomalies. June has joined the plastic surgery division at P&S to help develop the center for pediatric craniofacial surgery at New York-Presbyterian's Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital.

Class of 1997
AILEEN CLEARY COHEN is doing immunology research at Stanford's pediatric heme/onc division. She and husband RON'76 have a son, Erik, born in 2004, who joined Emily, who is about 3 years older. ANDREW LASSMAN is an attending neurologist at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center; he sees patients with brain tumors and spends time in the lab, studying the molecular biology of gliomas.

Class of 2001
Before commencing residency in otolaryngology at the Naval Medical Center in San Diego, MATTHEW B.A. PATTERSON LT MC USNR (UMO) is learning to take care of divers and submariners, while serving as head of the medical department at a submarine base. He is also working on a thesis — to qualify for a submarine medical warfare pin — on idiopathic facial nerve paralysis.

The Columbia P&S-China Connection,
An Ongoing Medical Dialogue


Prince Yu's Palace on the campus of Peking Union Medical College in Beijing, as seen in the autograph album

The historic academic tie between P&S and Peking Union Medical College in Beijing dates back to 1921 but was rekindled this past decade thanks to the wisdom and largesse of Clyde Wu'56 and his wife, Helen. In 2004, PUMC celebrated the 10th anniversary of the revived academic exchange program with the publication of an autograph album of the Chinese participants.
The China Medical Board of the Rockefeller Foundation founded PUMC in 1921 and it soon established a reputation as the most respected medical school of the time in China, indeed in all Asia. The original PUMC faculty included a number of medical luminaries who came from and later returned to P&S, notably surgical bacteriologist Frank Meleney, histologist and educator Aura Severinghaus, pharmacologist Harry Van Dyke, and plastic surgeon Jerome Webster. PUMC graduates rose to leadership positions in China. But the Chinese Revolution of 1949 brought an abrupt change in the school's fortunes. The subsequent decade-long Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976, resulted in an intellectual brain-drain in all fields, including medicine. Like other great schools, PUMC suffered a rapid decline.
Enter Dr. Clyde Wu, a native of Huaxin County, Guangdong Province, who emigrated to the United States, pursued his medical studies at P&S, and built a distinguished career in academic medicine. A Columbia University trustee, Dr. Wu is chairman of the Health Sciences Committee and serves on the Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees. Dr. and Mrs. Wu have supported multiple academic endeavors at Columbia, including four professorships.
Of the P&S-PUMC exchange, Dr. Wu says, "I wanted to bring together the two institutions and the two nations that meant the most to me." Hong Kong and Shanghai also took part in the exchange.
With the enthusiastic participation of his wife, Dr. Wu established the Clyde Wu Library of Internal Medicine and the Clyde Wu Medical Education Fellowship for PUMC. Most of the Wu fellows, Chinese physician-scientists who spent from six months to two years honing their skills in laboratories at P&S and other institutions in the United States, have since returned to become academic leaders in China. They include Drs. Zheng Chaoquiang and Zhao Yupei, who successfully reapplied the lessons learned at Columbia in curriculum reform to the Chinese model; Dr. Li Zuewang, who did likewise in renal disease and medical administration; Dr. Chen Shuchang, now division chief of oncology and chemotherapy at PUMC; and Dr. Qin Shulin, now an established Chinese authority on HIV research.
The exchange has been a two-way street. The distinguished pulmonologist Gerard Turino'48, a past president and chairman of the American Bureau for Medical Advancement in China, and his wife, rheumatologist Dorothy Estes'50, were the first P&S faculty members to lecture in China with Dr. Wu's support. Others, including microsurgeon David T.W. Chiu'73 and biochemist Dr. David Hirsh, have traveled to China. They were soon followed by endocrinologists John Bilezikian'69 and Ethel Siris'71. In Dr. Bilezikian's case, the experience continues to bear abundant fruit. In 1996, he took part in a historic conference on osteoporosis at PUMC, which brought together investigators from Beijing, Hong Kong, and the United States to compare notes. The conference attracted an overflow crowd and was subsequently repeated in Hong Kong and Shanghai. "The Chinese doctors in attendance," Dr. Bilezikian recalls, "were hungry to hear what we Americans had to say about a disease that affects their people as well as ours."
Dr. Bilezikian established enduring professional collaborations and friendships. One success story involves his first Chinese translator, Dr. Liu Jian Min, who spent a year and a half working in Dr. Bilezikian's lab at P&S and has since returned to China and become an established investigator in metabolic bone disorders. Another Chinese associate, Dr. Meng Xiu from PUMC, is the co-author with Dr. Bilezikian of several important papers comparing how osteoporosis presents in the United States and in China.
Among the most remarkable success stories to come out of this medical exchange is an unprecedented study on which Dr. Bilezikian has embarked, along with Dr. Annie Kung of Hong Kong University, comparing the health of three populations, Chinese-Americans in New York's Chinatown, Hong Kong Chinese, and Shanghai Chinese, in terms of cardiovascular health, women's health, and osteoporosis. These collaborative studies on bone fracture rates and changes in bone densitometry will enhance understanding of osteoporosis and bone density.
The open intellectual exchange between such seasoned American investigators as Dr. Bilezikian and a new generation of China's most promising physician-scientists not only benefits the health and welfare of two great nations, but also advances Columbia University's global mission.

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