RESEARCH

Dr. Byrne's program of research focuses on family-centered assessment and intervention for young children who are at risk for in adequate parenting and/or poor developmental outcomes related to multiple psychosocial and health risk factors. These populations typically include the "invisible child" who may be known to conventional systems but whose needs are not fully addressed, with resulting sub-optimal outcomes for child and family. In implementing her research, Dr. Byrne incorporates inter-professional collaborations and opportunities for graduate students.

Current Research and Funding

Title: Maternal and Child Outcomes of a Prison Nursery Program
Renewal sub-title:
Reentry Outcomes from 1 to 7 Years after Prison Nursery Release
1 R01 NR007782 Byrne (PI) Dates: 07/1/08 - 06/30/12
NIH / NINR
The objectives of this project and its renewal are to identify and explore changes in child development, maternal goals and achievements, and family resources during prison nursery co-residence and for several years following reentry to the community and to test parent support interventions for incarcerated and reentering mothers during these years.
Role: Principal Investigator
 
Title: Assessment of the Effects of Anesthetic Exposure on Neurocognitive, Emotional, and Behavioral Outcomes in Two Populations
FDA  SOL 08SAFEKIDS L. Sun (P.I.) 10/01/08 - 09/30/10
Agency: Food and Drug Administration
The objectives of this project are to identify and compare neurodevelopmental outcomes in school years for children exposed and unexposed to anesthesia before three years of age.
Role: Co-PI
 
Title: Self-Care in Youth with Perinatally-acquired HIV
1 R21 NR009350-01A1 S. Ledlie (PI) 08/19/05 - 07/31/09
NIH / NINR
The objective of this study is to explore the process of transition of self-care for disclosed and undisclosed youth with perinatally acquired HIV disease. This project is currently in a no-cost extension.
Role: Co-Investigator (PI: S. Ledlie)
 
Title: ”Center for Evidence-Based Practice in the Underserved (CEBP)"
1 P30 NR010677-01 S. Bakken (PI) 09/29/07 - 06/30/12
NIH / NINR
The objective  of this project is to establish four interdisciplinary cores (administrative; self-management, biobehavioral, and informatics; design, methods, biostatistics, and economic analysis; dissemination and translation)  to support research in evidence-based practice in underserved populations.
Roles: Co-Director, Dissemination and Translation Core (2007-9) and Design Core (2009-12) (Bakken, PI)
 

Title: “Reducing Health Disparities Through Informatics”

1T32 NR07969-01 S. Bakken (PI) 08/1/02 - 05/31/12
NIH / NINR      
The goal of this project is provide research training in informatics for pre-doctoral and post-doctoral trainees.
Role: Affiliate Faculty


Completed Research and Funding

Title: Maternal and Child Outcomes of a Prison Nursery Program
ID: 5 R01 NR007782-02
Agency: National Institute of Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health
Funding: $1,419,848
Dates: 9/1/03 - 5/31/09
Description: The broad objectives of this project are to identify and explore the changes in maternal-infant attachment and infant/toddler development as they occur during incarceration on a prison nursery and during the year following release of the infant with and without the mother. The overall goal is to enrich the knowledge base from which prison and community based parenting programs can be developed and tested and to improve the lives of incarcerated women and their children during co-detention and following release.
Role: Principal Investigator

Title: CARE Intervention for Depressed Mothers and their Infants (PI: J.A. Horowitz)
ID: 5 R01 NR008033-02
Agency: National Institute of Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health
Funding: $1,350,000
Dates: 3/15/04 - 2/29/08
Role: Consultant

Title: Administrative Supplement for Underrepresented Minorities to Maternal and Child Outcomes of a Prison Nursery Program
ID: 3 R01 NR007782-03S1
Agency: National Institute of Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health
Funding: $106,355
Dates: 7/1/05 - 5/31/07
Description: This is an administrative supplement to the funded R01 project, "Maternal and Child Outcomes of a Prison Nursery Program" and supports participation and professional development of a doctoral
Role: Principal Investigator

Title: Feasibility and Validation of ACASI Instrument with Low Literacy Families in Clinic Settings
ID: 5 P20 NR007799-05
Agency: National Institute of Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health
Funding: $7,578
Dates: 5/1/05 - 4/30/06
Role: Principal Investigator (of Pilot Project)

Title: Center for Evidence-based Practice in the Underserved (PI: S. Bakken)
ID: 5 P20 NR007799-05
Agency: National Institute of Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health
Funding: $199,081
Dates: 8/1/01 - 4/30/07
Role: Chair, External Advisory Board

Title: Health Needs of Hospitalized Swedish Children at Discharge
Agency: American Scandinavian Foundation
Funding: $3,000
Dates: 1997
Role: Principal Investigator

Title: Home Care Monitoring of HIV Exposed Children
ID: 1 K01 NR00107-01A1
Agency: National Institute of Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health
Funding: $269,990
Dates: 9/30/98 - 8/31/02
Role: Principal Investigator

Title: Inmate and Child Outcomes of a Prison-Based Children's Center
Agency: New York State Department of Health, Commissioner's Priority Award
Funding: $26,728
Dates: 4/1/01 - 12/31/02
Role: Principal Investigator

Title: Emotional and Behavioral Disorders Screening in Children (PI: J. Honig)
ID: 1 R21 MH63451-01
Agency: National Institute of Mental Health of the National Institutes of Health
Funding: $341,000
Dates: 3/1/01 - 2/28/03
Role: Co-Investigator


Research Publications

Byrne M., Honig, J., Jurgrau, A., Heffernan, S. & Donahue, M. (2002) Achieving adherence with antiretroviral medications for pediatric HIV disease. The AIDS Reader. 151-164.

Byrne, M. & Lenz, E. (2002) Reliability of transportable instruments for assessing infant length. Journal of Nursing Measurement. 10(2), 111-121.

Byrne, M. W. & Keefe, M.R. (2003) Comparison of two measures of parent-child interaction. Nursing Research 52(1), 34-41.

Byrne M. W. (2003) Culture-derived strategies of a pediatric home care nursing specialty team. International Nursing Review 50(1), 34-43.

Smaldone, A., Honig, J., and Byrne, M.W. (2005) Delayed and forgone care for children with special health care needs in New York State. Maternal and Child Health Journal.9S(2), S75-86.

Byrne, M. & Honig, J. (2005) Psychometrics of the Child Health Questionnaire Parent Short Form (CHQ-28) used to measure quality of life in HIV-infected children on complex anti-retroviral therapy. Quality of Life Research. 14, 1769-1774.

Byrne M. & Honig, J. (2006) Health related quality of life of HIV-Infected children on complex anti-retroviral therapy at home. Journal of the Association for Nurses in AIDS Care. 17(2), Mar/Apr, 27-35.

Griffin, R., Polit, D. & Byrne, M. (2007) “Stereotyping and nurses’ recommendations for treating pain in hospitalized children.” Research in Nursing and Health. 30(6): 655-666.

Smaldone, A., Honig, J. & Byrne, M. (2007) Sleepless in America: Inadequate sleep and relationships to health and well-being of our nation’s children. Pediatrics, Feb. 2007 in press. [selected for Webcast presentation on topics in maternal child epidemiology sponsored by HRSA / Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Office of Data and Program Development, Rockville, MD January 2007].

Griffin, R., Polit, D. & Byrne, M. (2008) Nurse characteristics and inferences about children’s pain. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 34(4), 297-305.

Sun, L.S., Li, G., DiMaggio, C., Byrne, M.W., Rauh, V.H., Brooks-Gunn, J., Kakavouli, A., Wood, A. (2008). Anesthesia and neurodevelopment in children: Time for an answer? Anesthesiology. 109(5), 757-761.