|Greene, Eric C.
Our group uses single-molecule optical microscopy to study fundamental interactions between proteins and nucleic acids - we literally watch individual protein molecules or protein complexes as they interact with their DNA substrates. Our overall goal is to reveal the molecular mechanisms that cells use to repair, maintain, and decode their genetic information. This research combines aspects of biochemistry, physics, and nanoscale technology to answer questions about complex biological problems that simply can not be addressed through traditional biochemical approaches. The primary advantages of our approaches are that we can actually see what proteins are bound to DNA, where they are bound, how they move, and how they influence other components of the system - all in real-time, at the level of a single reaction.
Our research program is focused on studying the regulation and activity of proteins that are involved in repairing damaged chromosomes. We are particularly interested in determining the physical basis for the mechanisms that proteins use to survey DNA molecules for damage and initiate repair processes, and how these initial steps are coordinated with downstream events that lead to completion of repair. As part of our work, we are also actively pursuing the development of novel experimental tools that can be used to facilitate the study of single biochemical reactions. In particular, we are applying techniques derived from nanotechnology to our biological research, and using nano- and micro-scale engineering to facilitate the development of new, robust experimental platforms that enable “high throughput” single molecule imaging.
Visnapuu, M-L., Fazio, T., Wind, S., and Greene, E.C. 2008. Parallel arrays of geometric nanowells for assembling DNA curtains with controlled lateral dispersion. Langmuir. 24: 11293-11299.
Fazio, T., Visnapuu, M-L., Wind, S., and Greene, E.C. 2008. DNA curtains and nanoscale curtain rods: high-throughput tools for single molecule imaging. Langmuir. 24: 10524-10531.
Gorman, J., Chowdhury, A., Surtees, J.A., Shimada, J., Reichman, D. R., Alani, E. and Greene, E.C. 2007. Dynamic basis for one-dimensional DNA scanning by the mismatch repair complex Msh2-Msh6. Molecular Cell 28: 359-370.
Prasad, T.K., Robertson, R.B., Visnapuu, M-L., Chi, P., Sung, P., and Greene, E.C. 2007. A DNA translocating Snf2 molecular motor protein: S. cerevisiae Rdh54 displays heterogeneous kinetic behavior and extrudes large loops of DNA.Journal of Molecular Biology 369 (4): 940-953.
Gorman, J. and Greene, E.C. 2008. Visualizing one-dimensional diffusion of proteins on DNA. (Review). Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. 15(8): 768-774